According to the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution, the President shall act in accordance with the advice rendered by the Council of Ministers expressed through the Prime Minister. The Council of Ministers consists of all the three categories of Ministers – Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers. Our vision is to orient the readers to grasp the facts objectively and analyse critically. In this capacity, he enjoys the following powers: Other Powers & Functions of Prime Minister. Lesson 8 of 10 • 556 upvotes • 7:30 mins. minister of state. As per the article, the salaries and allowances of ministers shall be determined by the Parliament. All major appointments are decided by the Cabinet and appointed by the President. It also mentions that theThe total number of ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha. (The number cannot exceed 15%) 3. Answer:Prime Minister. Once decided, the policy is conveyed to the Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers, and details are worked out and passed to civil servant under the ministry to implement the decisions. The 44th Amendment Act provides that the President shall not issue a proclamation of national emergency unless the decision of the Union Cabinet has been communicated to him in writing. However, after 44th Amendment Act such proclamation can only be made after the written recommendation of the Cabinet to the President. He can bring about the collapse of the council of ministers by resigning from office. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House in the Parliament and the Chief Sopkesperson of the Government in the Parliament. These are given priority and preference over Private Bills. Prime Minister is the principal channel of communication between the President and the council of ministers. The main powers of the Cabinet are as follows: The Cabinet formulates both external and domestic policies of the government on important matters such as defence, economic policy, security needs and important reforms, etc. The Cabinet is instrumental in planning and moving the Amendment to the Constitution. But, when no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, then the President may exercise his personal discretion in the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister. It supervises the implementation of its decisions by the council of ministers. If the Lok Sabha passes a vote of No-confidence against the Council of Ministers, they have to resign collectively. He is the crisis manager-in-chief at the political level during emergencies. It mentions that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice. Lok Sabha. According to this the President shall administer the oath of office and secrecy to a minister. Listening to young people about issues that matter to them is an important commitment of the government. As in England, the Prime Minister is the "keystone of the Cabinet arch". Losing confidence of the Prime Minister leads to dismissal by the President. Government Information Service. The Prime Minister guides, directs, controls, and coordinates the activities of all the ministers. In the Parliamentary form of Government, the President is the nominal head of the State and the Council of Ministers (CoM) headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive head of the State. Whenever an unwanted situation arises in the Parliament, the matter generally ends with the intervention of the Prime Minister. Thus, it has collective functions. Hon’ble Ministers. The Prime Minister (PM) is appointed by the President, who according to convention, invites the leader of the majority party or group in the Lok Sabha to form the Government. However, this does not imply that the president is free to appoint anyone as the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is composed of a small, but important body of senior leaders of the party. Each minister gets a sumptuary allowance at a varying scale, according to his rank and free accommodation. The Prime Minister chooses the ministers and on his advice the President appoints them. Prime minister KP Sharma Oli addresses the meeting of the Council of Ministers at his official residence in Baluwatar, Kathmandu, on Friday, December 25, 2020. Chief Minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of his State. Usually Cabinet meets, as a body, frequently and usually once in a week to deliberate and take decisions regarding the transaction of government business. Morning Star Total History & Civics 10----- … The Cabinet takes important decisions. The President may use his discretionary power to appoint the Prime Minster, when no single party or group secures the majority in the House but has to appoint when the person who can prove his majority in the House with the support of some smaller groups or parties. He advises the president with regard to the appointment of important officials like Attorney General of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, the chairman and members of the UPSC, election commissioners, chairman and members of the finance commission and so on. They hold important portfolios and decide major policies of the Government. ICSE Class 10 Notes : The Prime Minister and The Council of Ministers, CBSE Class 10 Maths Questions and Answers, CBSE Class 10 Science Questions and Answers. As per the conventions of the parliamentary system of government, the President has to appoint the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister. It is the duty of the prime minister : To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation; To furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation as the President may call for; and. He also serves as a link between the President and the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister with the backing of the majority party or groups in the Parliament is the real executive head of the nation (i.e., de-facto head). All the big and important appointments are made on the advice of the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister’s Youth Council is a group of young Canadians who provide non-partisan advice to the Prime Minister and the Government of Canada on issues of importance to them and to all Canadians. It is the duty of the prime minister : To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of … central switchboard: (+359 2) 940 29 99. developed in Britain. The Parliament exercises control over the Prime Minister through question-hour, calling attention motion, No-Confidence motion and other discussions. In other words, its role in India’s politico-administrative system is based on the. Though, Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party, he has to ensure the support of his party as well as the ministers. Get Journals daily newsletter on your inbox. They are junior ministers and are placed under senior ministers whom they have to assist. The third category of ministers are the Deputy Ministers who are responsible to assist the Cabinet Ministers and the Council of Ministers. ; Important Constitutional provisions with respect to Council of Ministers: Article 74: Article 74(1) of our Constitution expressly States that the Prime Minister shall be "at the head" of the Council of Ministers. therefore, it is a part of the council of ministers. PRIME MINISTER . He can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion. He plays a significant role in shaping the foreign policy of the country. Though he has no right to vote in the House of which is not a member. They are sometimes invited to the Cabinet meetings to discuss matters related to their departments. The Cabinet coordinates the working of various departments for the smooth implementation of government policies. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminister System of Government in Traditional Constitution Theory. He is the chief spokesman of the Union government. The Prime Minister hosted the Council for Science and Technology at Downing Street this afternoon. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Indian Union Council of Ministers. appointment of the cabinet. This is called “Rule of Collective Responsibility” further ‘individual responsibility” means that individual minister holds the office during the pleasure of the President. cabinet ministers. The Council of Ministers executes the decision taken by the Cabinet. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The Constitution of India provides for a Council of Ministers, with the Prime Minister as its head. The Constitution originally does not specify for the number of the Council of Ministers. Further, constitutionally the Prime Minister may be a member of any of the two Houses of parliament. Question 2: Who appoints the Prime Minister? the cabinet. The Cabinet is responsible for the expenditure of the government, for presenting the demand for grants and also for raising necessary income by various means. The Prime Minister allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among the ministers. 1594 Sofia, 1 Dondukov Blvd . Council of Ministers is the body that advises the President on various matters and is formed to assist the Prime Minister in running Government. Boyko Borissov was elected for Prime Minster of the Republic of Bulgaria on 4 May 2017 by the 44th National Assembly. It mentions a minister who is not a member of the Parliament (either house) for any period of six consecutive months shall cease to be a minister. The President’s special address is prepared by the Cabinet. slideshow 1900855 by moeshe It is the PM who presides over the meeting of the council of ministers and influences its decisions. PM is the chairman of t NITI Aayog, Governing council of NITI Aayog, National Integration Council, Inter-State Council and National Water Resources Council. The Prime Minister The Prime Minister (PM) is appointed by the President, who according to convention, invites the leader of the majority party or group in the Lok Sabha to form the Government. “Outlining roles and responsibilities in the sector, the proclamation will bolster freedom of expression and press freedoms.” premier added. Question 5: Wh… Appointment of Prime Minister - definition The Prime Minister presides over the meetings of the Cabinet. The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister. © 2020 JournalsOfIndia - A free initiative by Manifest Team. They along with the Prime Minister of India form 15% of the total strength of the lower house i.e. The Cabinet Ministers head the important ministries of the Central government like home, defence, finance, external affairs and so forth. Where article 74 mentions that the council will be headed by the Prime Minister of India and will aid and advise the President, article 75 mentions the following things: 1. As per the ruling of Delhi high Court regarding majority that the Constitution does not require a person must prove his majority in the Lok Sabha before he is appointed as the Prime Minister. Council of Ministers. The duties of the Prime Minister as defined in this Article are (i) The Prime Minister communicates all the decisions of Council of Ministers to the President. Question 3: Who is the Head of the Union Council of Ministers? term of office. Charu Modi. council of ministers. The resignation of Prime Minister implies the resignation of the whole Cabinet. Thus, it did not find a place in the original text of the Constitution. All members of the Union Council of Ministers are necessarily members of the Parliament. The Prime Minister is the principal advisor to the President. This means that, if the ministry loses the confidence of the ‘Lok Sabha’, all ministers including those, who are from Rajya Sabha have to go. However, the President may dismiss him before, if he loses the majority support in the Lok Sabha. Two articles – Article 74 and Article 75 of the Indian Constitution deal with the Council of Ministers. It has no collective functions. However, the President may require the Council of Ministers to reconsider such advice and the President shall act in accordance with the advice tendered after such reconside-ration(44th amendment). According to the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers has also approved the draft Media Proclamation which governs print and broadcast media, also introducing a legal framework for online media. The Governor may also remove a Minister from the council of Ministers on the advice of the Chief Minister. In addition to the above-mentioned three major roles, the Prime Minister has various other roles. He can re-shuffle his Council of Ministers whenever he needs to do so. The minister along with the secretaries of the concerned departments answer the questions put to them by the Members of the Parliament. It states that the ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the President. Article 75(3) of the Constitution states that, “The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People” (or Lok Sabha). Now also, Article, It is a constitutional body, dealt in detail by the Articles 74 and 75 of the Constitution. They together determine the policy and programme of the Government. The entire ministry is obliged to resign. The President can declare a proclamation of national emergency under Article 352. This quick video explains the office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. In the rush of reaching first to the readers, the websites miss the balanced opinion, which is the need of the hour. It is binding in nature for the President and to allocate them portfolios. The Prime Minister can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion. The Council of Ministers was appointed recently and the allotment of portfolio. The Prime Minister recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the president. As per the 91st Amendment Act of 2003, A member of either house of Parliament belonging to any political party who is disqualified on the ground of defection shall also be disqualified to be appointed as a minister. The salaries and allowances of Ministers are determined by Parliament from time to time. BOYKO BORISSOV. According to the Constitution, it is the duty of the Prime Minister to communicate to the President for all the decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the union and the proposals for legislation. In short, Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. It was incorporated by the 44th Constitutional Amendment Act in Article 352 of the Constitution in 1978. In addition to the above-mentioned three major roles, the Prime Minister has. If the President so requires, to submit for the consideration of the council of ministers any matter on which a decision has been taken by a minister but which has not been considered by the council. It means, that this is a ‘powerful tool of the President in the hands of the Prime Minister. The council of ministers and their function. (Incorporates changes in the Council of Ministers as on 09.10.2020) Click here to download ( PDF format ) The lesson also discusses the cabinet form of government. 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