The most famous of all the Kushan rulers was Kanishka. Regular price Rs. Special officer for Linguistic Minorities. Vashishtiputra Satakarni was his son-in-law. Parthian Empire (247 BC – AD 224) Middle Kingdoms (230 BC – AD 1206) Satavahana Empire (230 BC – AD 220) Kuninda Kingdom (200 BC – AD 300) Mitra Dynasty (c. 150 – c. 50 BC) Shunga Empire (185–73 BC) Indo-Greek Kingdom (180 BC – AD 10) Kanva Empire (75–26 BC) Indo-Scythian Kingdom Required fields are marked *. History is an important subject for Civil Services aspirants preparing for UPSC Civil Services Exams, here is the breakdown of History syllabus for Prelims and Mains. Medieval Indian History Quiz Questions and Answers. The kingdom started when Graeco-Bactrian king Demetrius (son of Euthydemus I) invaded India around 180 BC. The role that an optional subject plays in the Civil Services Examination cannot be underestimated. They ruled first at Ujjain and later at Kannauj.. The Sakas (also written Shakas), alternatively known as Indo-Scythians, invaded northwest India in the first century BC onwards. The UPSC program of Byju’s has … It was in his reign that St. Thomas is said to have come to India for the propagation of Christianity according to the original Syrian text of the Acts of St. Thomas. Aspirants should know that the term, ‘Sakas’ is interrelatedly used with ‘Shakas’ and ‘Indo-Scythians;’ meaning of all is the same. History of India can be studied under political, cultural, religious or economic heads. Here is the summary of the Maurya Empire which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. Menander I Soter was also known as Minedra, Minadra, or Milinda (in Pali). 4 products. They called themselves Vardhanas. Indian weight standards were followed in the making of these coins. 9. Ancient Indian History - Gurjara Pratiharas - Historians believe that after the Gupta period, Gurjara Pratiharas came to India from the central Asian region and settled in Rajasthan. Jan 06, 2021 - UPSC Syllabus for History Prelims UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. The Indo-Greek kings did this to perhaps placate the population most of whom were not Greeks. This article will talk about Shakas while providing important facts for UPSC. Jan 06, 2021 - TN History Textbook: Post-Mauryan India UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Most of the Indo-Greek kings were Buddhists and, Greek influence is mostly seen in art and sculpture, particularly the. Your email address will not be published. In the Magadha region, the Sungas came to power in about 185 BC. He is considered the greatest of the Saka rulers. The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 14 January 1761, at Panipat, about 60 miles (97 km) north of Delhi.. In Seleucus’s conflict with the mighty Chandragupta Maurya, he ceded large parts to the west of the Indus, including the Hindu Kush, present-day Afghanistan and Balochistan to the Mauryan king. Aspirants can check the NCERT Ancient History Notes for UPSC page to get important articles for UPSC preparation. The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 14 January 1761, at Panipat, about 60 miles (97 km) north of Delhi.. CAG. He invaded the Indo-Greek territories but unsuccessfully. Candidates can refer to articles related to Shakas for UPSC in the table below: After the decline of the Mauryan Empire, northwest India was constantly under attack from various invaders from Central and West Asia. It was during Rudradaman’s reign that Yavaneshwara, the Greek writer lived in India and translated the Yavanajataka from Greek to Sanskrit. The most famous Parthian King was Gondophernes, the period of his reign (A.D. 1945) being definitely fixed with the famous Takht-i-Bhai inscription. Chronologically, Indian History can be classified into three periods – Ancient India, Medieval India and Modern India. His kingdom included Konkan, Narmada valley, Kathiawar, other parts of Gujarat and Malwa. He conquered southern Afghanistan and parts of Punjab. This information was retrieved from the inscriptions of the king Chashtana. This document is highly rated by UPSC … The Indo-Greek kingdom was ruled by over 30 Hellenistic (Greek) kings in the northwest and north India from the 2nd century BC to the beginning of the first century AD. Also, download UPSC Prelims 2020 Question Papers PDF to practise questions related to ancient Indian history subject. He was a Saka ruler of the Western Kshatrapas (Satraps) dynasty who ruled over Ujjain. Saka Era (The Sakas) (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here. It was in his reign that St. Thomas is said to have come to India for the propagation of Christianity according to the original Syrian text of the Acts of St. Thomas. It is said that Parthians had their roots in Iran and from there they migrated to India. Many coins have been found with images of Indian deities also. There were silver and copper coins (mostly in square shape). This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 1236 times. It is believed that Greek people lived for several centuries more in India under the Indo-Parthians and the Kushans. Mauryas also had departments to take care of foreigners like Yavanas (Greeks) and Persians. In the work, Milinda is described as a wise, learned, and able king. The movement of Sakas into north-western India came to heels of their displacement from the plains of Syr Darya (Jaxartes) by the Great Yueh Chi tribe (Chinese Tribe) in the 2nd century BCE. The period of the Saka Era falls between 11 years and 52 years. He also issued the first long inscription in chaste Sanskrit. For about 25 years, the Indo-Greek kingdoms were under the Euthydemid rule. He was the founder of one of the two major Saka Kshatrapa dynasties in northwest India, the Bhadramukhas. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 830 times. Find more NCERT notes on Indian Medieval History at BYJU'S Many coins have been unearthed of these kings and most of the information we get about them is from these coins. Parthians; Originally they were from Iran. NCERT notes on Indo-Greek rule are important for the IAS Exam. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 36 times. He supported Sanskrit literature and cultural arts. Indian History Chronology: Indian History is a topic of interest to many including foreigners because of the cultures and civilizations existed in this sub-continent. Byju’s app is currently India’s most popular learning app offering learning programs for school students as well as competitive exams like IAS, CAT, JEE etc. After the Hun invasions they assumed independence. BYJU’S IAS - Ace the Civil Services Exam 2021 with UPSC video lectures, notes, current affairs and complete syllabus coverage from India’s leading IAS trainers. The Indo-Greek kings imbibed Indian culture and became political entities with a mix of Greek and Indian culture. Required fields are marked *. He married a Hindu woman and had converted to Hinduism. UPSC Prelims is the screening stage of the Civil Services Exam which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission every year. These notes will also be useful for other competitive exams like banking PO, SSC, state civil service exam, and so on. The Saka rule in northwest India and Pakistan came to an end after the death of Azes II (12 BC) when the region came under the Kushanas. Special officer for Linguistic Minorities. Greek populations lived in the north-western part of the Mauryan Empire as evident from Ashoka’s edicts. Indo-Greeks are these groups of these Bactrian Greeks that ruled over north-western India between the 2nd century BCE and early 1st century CE. Aspirants can read the important articles similar to Indo-Greek rule from the links provided below: Indo-Greek Rule (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here. Advocate general of India. This dynasty ruled Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern India, during the 1st century AD. They called themselves Vardhanas. The first important king of Pushyabhuti dynasty was Prabhakaravardhana.His capital was Thaneswar, north of Delhi.He assumed the title Maharajadhiraja and Paramabhattaraka. Dec 12, 2020 - KUSHANS, Notes, History, IAS , Civil Service Exam, UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Their rule ended with the invasions of the Indo-Scythians (Sakas). Sort by. This article talks about the Indo-Greek Rule. He also pushed back the Sungas in Pataliputra. The kit comes with ample amount of study materials, video lectures and one-on-one doubt clearing sessions with an assigned personal mentor. Replaced the Sakas in north western India. Satakarni I was the first Satavahana king to expand his empire by military conquests. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 4338 times. Parthian Empire (247 BC – AD 224) Middle Kingdoms (230 BC – AD 1206) Satavahana Empire (230 BC – AD 220) Kuninda Kingdom (200 BC – AD 300) Mitra Dynasty (c. 150 – c. 50 BC) Shunga Empire (185–73 BC) Indo-Greek Kingdom (180 BC – AD 10) Kanva Empire (75–26 BC) Indo-Scythian Kingdom Parthian Empire (247 BC – AD 224) Middle Kingdoms (230 BC – AD 1206) Satavahana Empire (230 BC – AD 220) Kuninda Kingdom (200 BC – AD 300) Mitra Dynasty (c. 150 – c. 50 BC) Shunga Empire (185–73 BC) Indo-Greek Kingdom (180 BC – AD 10) Kanva Empire (75–26 BC) Indo-Scythian Kingdom The Saka Era is believed to have started at his ascension to power in 78 AD. Saka Era began with the rule of The Sakas (Shakas), alternatively known as Indo-Scythians who invaded northwest India in the first century BC. Northwest India was constantly under attack from powers in Central Asia and northwest. The Indo-Greek or the Graeco-Indian Kingdom has established around 180 BC when the Graeco-Bactrian king Demetrius invaded the Indian subcontinent. Shakeel Anwar Created On: … 9. OLD NCERT BOOKS Printed Study Notes For UPSC Exams Online Coaching for UPSC PRE Exam General Studies Pre. Your email address will not be published. He was initially a king of Bactria. He regained through conquests most of the territories previously under Nahapana. The Kanva dynasty then ruled over Magadha for about 45 years. He died in 130 BC and was succeeded by his son Strato I. The Parthians: (1st Century BC – 1st Century AD) Originally the Parthians (Pahlavas) lived in Iran; They replaced the Sakas in North-Western India, but controlled an area much smaller than the Sakas. Kushans replaced the Parthians in north-western India. According to some Indian sources, he went as far as Rajasthan and Pataliputra. The Sakas had an Indian kingdom larger than the Indo-Greeks. Parthians were some Ir. IAS 2021 (Pre & Mains) Tablet Course. It is believed that Greek people lived for several centuries more in India under the Indo-Parthians and the Kushans. Dec 14, 2020 - Bhagavatism and Brahmanism - Vaishnavism in South India and Shaivism, History, UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Unit price / per . The iPhone 11 Pro's battery life is so impressive, it beat out Samsung in Consumer Reports' smartphone rankings for the first time in years The iPhone 11 Pro Max. Important Rulers of the Satavahana dynasty Satakarni I (70- 60 BC) Satakarni I was the third Satavahana king. Famous Parthian king was Gondaphernes in whose reign St. Thomas is said to have come to India from Israel for the propagation of Christianity. IAS 2021 (Pre & Mains) Tablet Course. There were gold, silver, copper and nickel coins. o Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World. In western India, their rule came to an end in the 4th century AD when the last Western Satrap Saka ruler Rudrasimha III was defeated by Chandragupta II of the Gupta dynasty. Shakeel Anwar Created On: … Learning about Shakas is important for the IAS Exam. This dynasty ruled Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern India, during the 1st century AD. Parthians were some Ir. Attorney general of India. Our IAS study material is compiled keeping in mind the UPSC syllabus and the latest IAS exam trends and question paper pattern. But he also fought numerous wars with them. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 4 times. His kingdom included Gandhara and western Punjab. Jan 05, 2021 - Chapter 2- Indian Culture - Notes, UPSC/ IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Collection: UPSC Preparation Filter by. Scythians (referred to as Sakas in Indian sources) were a group of Iranian nomadic pastoral tribes. Many coins issued by Maues have been found. Your email address will not be published. Read about Chandragupta Maurya and Mauryan Empire in the linked article. The Indo-Greek coins had royal portraits on the obverse and greek deities (Zeus, Apollo, and Athena) on the reverse. This stage is officially known as the Civil Services (Preliminary) exam, but in common parlance, aspirants refer to it as UPSC Prelims or IAS Prelims. 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Results: Byju’s Classes offers a high-quality learning experience for all our students, leading to our consistent results. Advocate general of India. He ruled over Gandhara (present Pakistan and Afghanistan). The first important king of Pushyabhuti dynasty was Prabhakaravardhana.His capital was Thaneswar, north of Delhi.He assumed the title Maharajadhiraja and Paramabhattaraka. The battle was fought between a northern expeditionary force of the Maratha Empire and the forces of the King of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Abdali, supported by two Indian Muslim allies—the Rohilla Afghans of the Doab, and Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Awadh. After the Hun invasions they assumed independence. The last Indo-Greek king was Strato II. Medium: English OLD NCERT BOOK NAME : Ancient India by R. S. Sharma PRICE: FREE Hosting Charges: Rs 19/- Only; File Type: PDF File Download Link via Email Click Here to Download PDF NEW! The Bahmani Kingdom (1347-1526 A.D.) or the Bahmani Sultanate is an important topic for UPSC Prelims 2021 Preparation. The Gurjara-Pratiharas were instrumental in containing Arab armies moving east of the Indus River. o History of India and Indian National Movement. In UPSC CSE 2014, we had 82 students in the Final Merit list, 11 in the Top 100 and 5 … His capital was at Sirkap (Punjab, Pakistan). The battle was fought between a northern expeditionary force of the Maratha Empire and the forces of the King of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Abdali, supported by two Indian Muslim allies—the Rohilla Afghans of the Doab, and Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Awadh. Originally written in Sanskrit, only the Pali version is available now. Indo-parthian kingdom is also known as Gondopharid Dynasty. Ancient Indian History - Gurjara Pratiharas - Historians believe that after the Gupta period, Gurjara Pratiharas came to India from the central Asian region and settled in Rajasthan. they were one of the five Yeuchi clans of Central Asia. BYJU’S Civil Service Hub provides complete UPSC competitive exam kit through tablet program. UPSC Prelims & Mains Notes 2021 – Check BYJU’S free UPSC Notes PDFs for IAS 2021 [GS 1, 2,3]! He is from the Western Kshatrapa dynasty. After defeating the Parthian king, they moved towards India. Satakarni I was the first Satavahana king to expand his empire by military conquests. Early Life of Harsha: The founder of the family of Harsha was Pushyabhuti.Pushyabhutis were the feudatories of the Guptas. This promoted the Scythians to move towards Bactria and Parthia. They had bilingual inscriptions – Greek and Kharoshthi, On the obverse of the coin, royal portraits were present and on the reverse, religious symbols (mostly Indian in inspiration) were present. The most famous Parthian king was Gondophernes. The Saka Empire started declining after their defeat at the hands of the Satavahana Emperor Gautamiputra Satakarni. Indo-parthian kingdom is also known as Gondopharid Dynasty. The Indo-Greek rule lasted from about 180 BC till about 55 BC. He conquered Kalinga after the death of Kharavela. Aspirants can refer to NCERT notes on Ancient History for UPSC for other important articles. Sakas belonged to Scythian Ethnic stock. He ruled the Punjab region until 55 BC, some say until 10 AD. Read about Persian and Greek Invasions of Ancient India in the linked article. In ancient Indian sources, Greeks were called Yavanas (Sanskrit) and Yonas (Pali). Scythians who migrated to India are known as Indo-Scythians. In UPSC CSE 2013, we had 62 students in the Final Merit list and 5 students in the Top 50 ranks. Parthians. National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) National Commission for Backward Castes (NCBC) etc. He took up the title of Makakshatrapa after becoming king. BYJU'S IAS helps you cut through the noise and understand the tricky, yet important, concepts,issues and topics for UPSC CSE. CAG. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Indian History Chronology Chronologically, Indian History can be classified into three periods - Ancient India, Medieval India and Modern India. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. He conducted the repair work of the Sudarshana Lake at Kathiawar. Ptolemy mentions him as “Tiasthenes” or “Testenes”. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) State Public Service Commission (SPSC) Finance Commission. Maues, also known as Moga was the earliest Indo-Scythian king. The Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, that ruled much of Northern India from the mid-8th to the 11th century. He also ruled over Madhya Pradesh. Early Life of Harsha: The founder of the family of Harsha was Pushyabhuti.Pushyabhutis were the feudatories of the Guptas. The other dynasty was called Kshaharatas and included the king Nahapana (who was defeated by Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni). The Bactrian Greeks moved into the south of the Hindu Kush area by the early 2nd century BCE. We offer the best online IAS preparation for candidates who are serious about cracking the UPSC exam. He started the Saka era in 78 A.D. Parthians. At the end of it, Milinda accepts Buddhism and converts. Gradually, they gained The Byju’s IAS online/correspondence course is an educational tablet program which covers lectures given by experienced teachers from Delhi and it covers the entire UPSC syllabus. 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